Congratulations on taking the risk and hire a 4X4 for off-road adventure African awesome!
As a newbie to the wonderful world of 4-wheel drive, you will fall into one of two camps - those who think they know it all already, and they were really scared and do not know how to handle 'their' Camel- man-mobile safely, let alone get the best out of it!
This article is for you, whichever side you fall, never be too proud or too petrified to learn, to your interests and the interests of passengers and fellow users off-road tracks.
Speed & Momentum
If you hit a hard spot DO NOT speeding - it could take you into a worse position. Slow down and take it easy - it helps you to keep your traction and your tires will work for you, instead of spinning aimlessly.
When approaching an obstacle, you need momentum. The trick is to start a bit of a way to get back the momentum you need. It is a skill that you will master over time.
Do not try new tricks when you're out on your own. Test your limits when you are a more experienced driver.
Use a stick to test the new mud hole for depth and softness. Remember a soft hole may prove impossible to escape! Enter a mud hole with a small momentum and if you feel that you're stuck turning the wheel left to right to get traction. Once you are as far forward as you can try to reverse out.
Keep the bathroom window to avoid a face full of mud or dust.
If you're really stuck, try letting a little air out of your tires for better traction and when you get out of the gutter please do not forget to fill them again.
If you stand with your exhaust under water, can be pulled out and pull the plug before starting the engine again. A cylinder full of water can damage the engine. When the plugs, however, the water will be removed safely.
Go slowly over obstacles. Pull the hand brake a little tension on the line drive to slow the vehicle and allows you to accelerate gently on top.
Always hold the steering wheel with your thumb when you're off-road. If you hit a ditch or barrier wheel can spin too fast and hurt your thumb. Keeping them helps prevent injuries. Keep hands and arms inside the truck to avoid accidents.
Tools & Spares
Keep the following with you:
A hi-lift jack
Spare tire and plug kit
Wear a seat belt
Do not travel alone
Having a cell phone on you
Do not drink alcohol while driving
Get back on the road before dark tar
Give fellow 4X4 driver on many tracks space
Do not race or churn the soil in vain.
Respect the land, other people using the trail and vehicles! Douse campfires, do not litter (including cigarette butts), stick to the road so as to avoid damage to plant life.
Leave your ego at home and remember it's all about having fun!